IFin Seminar, Péter Kondor, LSE - "All the President's Money: Market Concentration, Oligarchs and Sanctions in Hybrid Regimes"

Institute of Finance

Date: 16 November 2023 / 12:25 - 13:40

Speaker: Péter Kondor, LSE 

Title - "All the President's Money: Market Concentration, Oligarchs and Sanctions in Hybrid Regimes"

Date: November 16, 2023

Time: 12:25 - 13:40

Room: Red Room Executive Center (Main Building West Campus)

USI - West Campus

 

Abstract: 

Hybrid regimes feature combinations of democratic and autocratic attributes. Their common element is a leader who cultivates a clientele of favored firms but also extracts income from them. We study the economic implications of this system in a general equilibrium economy where entrepreneurs can become clients by accepting informal rent-sharing contracts offered by the leader. The model derives the leader’s incentives for creating economic distortions, and explains the emergence of oligarchs as a function of simple (institutional) constraints. We use the model to study the economic impacts of various sanctions, such as the freezing of the leader’s or the oligarchs’ assets, or the withholding of international transfers. Our results shed light on a number of recent and historical examples from hybrid regimes around the world.

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